By Alessandra Kelly and Ian Grosch
Micronutrients such as simple and complex carbohydrates, fats, and proteins make up the basic properties of food consumption. To understand the body’s necessity for substantial energy, we must take into account that within carbohydrates there remains a simple and complex variation to transfer energy. Simple carbohydrates are mainly sugars and starches that release a quick burst of energy. In contrast, complex carbohydrates require a larger breakdown period and provide energy for a longer amount of time. Without carbohydrates, the human body would be unable to function in our daily lives.
According to Harvard Health Publishing, every product you eat “directly affects the structure and function of your brain and, ultimately, your mood.” Fats are one of the main contributors to brain development and maintenance. The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) states, “the notion of ‘gut-brain axis’ is now largely used to explain the close connection and… communication between the gut and brain and the importance of their cross-talk for brain functions in health and disease.” In addition, NCBI mentions that a giant population of microorganisms, known as microbiota, actively impacts multiple functions, including gut homeostasis and metabolism. Therefore, the process directly affects nutritional responses which in part includes the development of immunity in the body. Research has found autism, Parkinson’s disease, and mood disorders are prominent results of a lack of a gut-brain relationship. A deemed “unhealthy” diet could possibly lead to a terminal illness, in which ultimately negatively affects the human brain.
However, another factor which remains important to healthy eating includes protein. Protein in itself allows the body to develop and rebuild broken muscles. NCBI states within the article, “Protein on Muscle Mass”, unfortunately, “protein is often misrepresented and misinterpreted as a recommended optimal intake.” Moreover, protein is still required to maintain adequate levels of muscle mass. “If you eat too little, you will lose muscle.” says Washington University’s Mittendorfer. “But do you need more? No.”
Each nutrient serves a different purpose for the human body and can solve numerous health issues physically and mentally. Allowing us to obtain the minimum needs for nutrition ultimately brings a longer and more luxurious lifestyle.