By Maxime Pocat
1504: Christopher Columbus lands at Costa Rica on his 4th and last voyage.
1679: New Hampshire becomes a county in Massachusetts Bay Colony.
1755: Fort Ticonderoga in New York opens.
1789: The first loan is made to pay salaries of United States President and Congress.
1793: US President George Washington lays the cornerstone of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.
1809: Royal Opera House in London opens.
1810: Chile declares independence from Spain (National Day).
1850: US Congress passes Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850, requires slaves be returned to their owners.
1851: New York Times starts publishing (2 cents a copy).
1882: Pacific Stock Exchange opens (as Local Security Board).
1903. Phillies’ Chick Fraser no-hits Chicago Cubs, 10-0.
1905. Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam.
1906. A typhoon with tsunami kills an estimated 10,000 people in Hong Kong.
1930. NY Yankee future Baseball HOF pitcher Red Ruffing hits 2 HRs to beat St Louis Browns, 7-6 at Sportsman’s Park, St. Louis
1939 William Joyce’s first Nazi propaganda broadcast
1943 Adolf Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)
1944 WWII: British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed, including 1,377 allied POWs and 4,200 Javanese slave laborers
1944 WWII: Eindhoven, Netherlands freed by American and British troops (Lightly Day)
1944 WWII: US 266th division defeats German troops at Brest Bretagne in Brittany, France after a 7 week siege; 37,000 prisoners taken, ports rendered useless