By Nupur Kudapkar
Human trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, sheltering, or receiving of persons by force, fraud, or deceit with the intent to exploit them for profit. This crime, which occurs in every corner of the world, can affect men, women, and children of all ages and backgrounds. To mislead and persuade their victims, traffickers frequently utilize violence or phony employment agencies, as well as false promises of education and work possibilities. “Trafficking in persons,” “human trafficking,” and “modern slavery” are broad phrases that are sometimes used interchangeably to describe a crime in which traffickers exploit and profit from adults or children by compelling them to do work or engage in commercial sex.
Human trafficking affects 24.9 million people. According to the International Labour Organization, there are 24.9 million victims of human trafficking worldwide. The figure of 24.9 million includes both sex trafficking, or commercial sexual exploitation, and forced labor exploitation, both private and state-imposed. According to the survey, human trafficking occurs in every part of the world. While trafficking and coercion occur worldwide, the sorts of trafficking and coercion differ depending on local norms and individual situations. The ILO discovered in 2016 that there were about 20.1 million victims of labor trafficking globally, out of the projected 24.9 million victims of trafficking. This covers anyone who has been coerced into working or performing a service under threat of punishment or damage. This might look like being confined to labor in a factory, on a farm, or as a domestic servant in many countries. Men made up 9.2 million of the casualties, while women made up 10.9 million. There were 3.3 million children. There are 4.8 million victims of sex trafficking. In 2016, the ILO estimated that there were 4.8 million sex trafficking victims worldwide who were subjected to commercial sexual exploitation. This category comprises any individuals who participate in the sex business involuntarily, as well as minors who are subjected to commercial sexual exploitation. Adults made up 3.8 million of the casualties, while children made up 1 million. Women and girls made up 99 percent of all casualties worldwide.
There are many different forms of human trafficking:
- Trafficking in persons for forced labor.
- Victims of this common kind of trafficking are mostly from underdeveloped nations. They are recruited and trafficked by deceit and force, and they are held in slave conditions in a range of vocations. Victims may be employed in agricultural, mining, fishing, or construction work, as well as domestic slavery and other labor-intensive occupations.
- Trafficking in persons with the purpose of engaging in coerced criminal activity
- This type of trafficking allows criminal networks to earn from a range of illegal operations without taking any risks. Victims are coerced into engaging in a variety of unlawful acts in order to obtain revenue. Theft, drug production, the sale of counterfeit products, and forced begging are among the examples. Victims frequently have quotas and can suffer harsh penalties if they do not meet them.
- Women trafficking for sexual exploitation
- This widespread kind of trafficking impacts every part of the globe, whether as a source, transit, or destination country. Women and children from poor nations, as well as disadvantaged members of society in affluent countries, are enticed to leave their homes and move to what they believe would be a better life by promises of excellent jobs. Victims are frequently given fraudulent travel documents, and an organized network transports them to the destination country, where they are coerced into sexual exploitation and imprisoned in harsh conditions and continual dread.
- Trafficking in organs for transplantation
- Many nations have extremely long transplant waiting lists, and criminals have taken advantage of this chance to prey on the desperation of patients and potential donors. Victims’ health, if not their lives, are jeopardized since surgeries may be carried out in secret with no medical follow-up. An aging population and an increase in diabetes prevalence in many affluent nations are anticipated to boost the need for organ transplants, making this crime even more lucrative.
- Smuggling of people
- People smuggling is closely related to human trafficking, since many migrants may be subjected to forced labor throughout their route. Smugglers may compel migrants to work in terrible conditions in order to pay for their illegal border crossing.
Unfortunately, human trafficking is a big part of our world today and vulnerable victims are more likely to be trafficked, keep your eyes open and be weird, be rude, and stay safe. Below is a link to find out more information on how you can protect yourself as traffickers are just your ordinary day people.
Human Trafficking Hotline:
1 (888) 373-7888
National Human Trafficking Hotline
SMS: 233733 (Text “HELP” or “INFO”)
Hours: 24 hours, 7 days a week
Languages: English, Spanish and 200 more languages